Deployment Hooks

Deployment Hooks

Deployment lifecycle

An application deployed on Clever Cloud goes through two distinct phases. The build phase where dependencies are fetched and the application built, and the run phase where the application is launched. Hooks allow you to run specific tasks before and after those phases.

The available hooks are:

  • Pre Build
  • Post Build
  • Pre Run
  • On Run Succeeded
  • On Run Failed

Setting hooks up

Hooks are set up through environment variables. To set up a Post Build hook, you need to define a CC_POST_BUILD_HOOK variable:

CC_POST_BUILD_HOOK=echo "it works!"

You can directly put commands in the hook. Hooks have access to the environnement variables as well as a working Node.js installation.

If you have complex things to do, the best way is to put the logic in a bash script (dont forget to make it executable!) To use it, set the hook you want to trigger to the path of your script, relative to the root path of your repository. E.g. if your script is in a clevercloud folder at the root of your project then you can define CC_POST_BUILD_HOOK=./clevercloud/

Can’t I use $BUILD_TOOL?

Hooks are designed as an escape hatch for steps you can’t integrate properly in your build tool. In many case, you can (and you should) integrate as much as possible with your build tool, but sometimes it’s not possible. Another reason to use hooks is to integrate Clever Cloud-specific tasks which don’t belong in the project’s build configuration.


Some application types do not have hooks support or only some of them.


For Docker, because you can do pretty much anything yourself inside your Dockerfile, only the following hooks are available:


If you need support for other hooks, please reach out to our support and explain your use case.

Hooks types

Pre Build


This hook is ran before the dependencies are fetched. If it fails, the deployment fails.

This hook is ran every time.

This hook is perfect for:

  • build tool configuration (eg setting up a .npmrc with private tokens)
  • extra dependencies fetching (eg npm install for frontend deps)

Post Build


This hook is ran after the project is built, and before the cache archive is generated. If it fails, the deployment fails.

This hook is not ran during deployments from cache.

This hook is perfect for:

  • extra build steps that you want to cache (eg bundling your frontend assets)
If you set CC_DISABLE_BUILD_CACHE_UPLOAD environment variable to true, the cache archive won’t be created nor uploaded.

Pre Run


This hook is ran before the application is started, but after the cache archive has been generated. If it fails, the deployment fails.

This hook is ran every time.

This hook is perfect for:

  • preparation tasks that need to be ran every time (eg a database migration check)

Run Success/Fail


These hooks are ran once the application has started (or has failed starting). Their failure doesn’t cause the deployment to fail.

One of these hooks is ran every time.

These hooks are perfect for:

  • notifications
  • clean-up
This hook is deprecated
These hooks replace the older postDeploy hook, which is now deprecated.
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